Dingalan is geographically located on the southernmost part of the province of Aurora and lies at approximately 121 degrees 23 longitude and 15 degrees 23 latitude.
The municipality is bounded on the north by the town of San Luis, on the west by the province of Nueva Ecija, on the south by the municipality of General Nakar, Quezon and on the east by the Pacific Ocean. It is approximately 182 kilometers away from Manila.
Dingalan has a mountainous terrain where lies the rugged Sierra Madre Mountain Range from the Northwestern portion to the Southern part of the municipality. The vast mountain ranges are the source of rivers, streams and mountain springs crisscrossing the rugged terrain and draining towards the mouth of Dingalan Bay.
Despite the rugged terrain, the town is accessible by bus, jeepneys, cars and other means of land transportation passing through Cabanatuan City which is 65 kilometers away. Baler, the capital town can be reached by land on a five (5) hour trip via Bongabon, Nueva Ecija, or Pantabangan-Canili Road and also by the sea on four hour motor banca ride.
The contour of the terrain is characterized with varying slopes ranging from 0 to 8% and incresing to over 50% as you go steeper.
Dingalan falls under Type II (Coronas Classification System) with no distinct dry season.
Dingalan has a generally fair weather with rainfall evenly distributed throughout the year. It has an average annual rainfall of 3,286.8 mm. The wettest months are October and November while the driest are January and February.
III. Natural Resources
The municipality of Dingalan covers an area of 30,455 hectares, 81.13% of 24,706.97 hectares of which is enveloped with forest. it is primarily on agricultural community although only 2,981 hectares is devoted to agriculture. Majority of its land area covered with thick forest and some portion of it are logged over and remain idle. Since 1930 to 1995, timber industry proliferates on this part of the locality.
IV. Population: 23,554 (Census 2010 )
Dingalan has an annual population growth rate of 1.44 and a population density of 77 person/sq. km. Barangay Paltic and Barangay Umiray have the highest population ratio while Barangay Dikapanikian has the lowest. Barangay Ibona, the center hearth of Southern Barangays and barangay Paltic are considered the population growth centers of the municipality. Average Household size is 4.8.
Farming is the main source of livelihood of the municipality. Rootcrops such as cassava and camote are also abundant. Rice, corn, coconut, bananas, vegetables, sugar cane, coffee, peanuts, mangoes and other marginal crops are the major agricultural crops grown in the locality.
Out of 30,455 hectares of land, 905 hectares are planted with palay. In terms of productivity, the average yield per hectare of irrigated rice land was placed at only 3.0 metric tons per hectare while those that are rainfed was 2 to 3 metric tons per hectare.
II. Livestock and Poultry
Dingalan has a pasture land area of 2,281 hectares based on the municipal records gathered. Backyard livestick industry has supplemented additional income for the local residents.
III. Fisheries Resources
Dingalan Bay serves as the marine fishing ground in the municipality which support local marginal fishermen. The whole bay is productive area where various species of fish are found. The most common species caught in Dingalan Bay are blue marlin, yellow fin tuna, round scad, rainbow runner dolphin fish, spanish mackerel, barracuda, shark and other local species. Dominant fish species during the first quarter of the year are yellow fin and Gulyasan, 2nd Quarter - Malasugui and Bariles, 3rd Quarter - Sibubog ang Galunggong while on the 4th quarter-Spada abound the fishing ground.
IV. Commerce, Trade & Commercial Establishment
Agriculture, forestry and fishery are the main sources of livelihood of the people of Dingalan. Around 1,316 experienced workers are engaged on the said trade. A total of 252 commercial establishments are found in the municipality of Dingalan, Aurora. The majority are categorized as Sari-sari Stores numbering 189, followed by groceries (33), Bakeries (10), School Supply Store (3), three each of Furniture Stores, Appliance Stores and Hardware�s/Construction Materials Stores and Shoe Stores.
In terms of distribution in barangay, Paltic has 88 commercial establishments, followed by the Poblacion, Umiray, Cabog, Aplaya and Ibona with 50, 35, 22, 21 and 11 respectively. The rest barangays have less than 10 of these establishments.
The road network in the municipality of Dingalan has a total lenght of about 141,852 kilometers. This road network is classified into four (4) categories namely: national (7.7 kms), provincial (21.90 kms), municipal (2,882) and barangay (109.144 kms) roads. Road widths vary in size according to categories. The width of barangay road ranges from 5 meters to 6 meters while national, provincial and municipal roads have 6 to 8 meters wide.
There are five (5) existing bridges in the municipality of Dingalan. Out of these five (5) bridges, only the Tuntunin Bridge in Tanawan, Langawan Bridge in Poblacion, and Ibona Bridge in Ibona are made of concrete, and newly constructed Steel Bridge in Waterpoint replacing washed out concrete bridge. Double Box Culvert replaced wooden bridge in Sapinit Creek in Butas na Bato and Cabulao Creek in Paltic.
Feeder Port and Roll-on Roll-off are now operational.
II. Power Source
Electric power in this municipality is being supplies by the NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, INC. through the Nueva Ecija III Electric Cooperatives, Inc., since July 1982 to March 1995. AURELCO Management took over the following month. At present, it is serving ten (10) Barangays, namely Barangay Poblacion, Davildavilan, Aplaya, Paltic, Tanawan, Caragsacan, Butas na Bato Cabog, Ibona and Umiray. There are 2,307 registered house connections out of 3,984 target. Only Barangay Dikapanikian is not potential for AURELCO�s service, however, said barangay has acquired 25 kva generator that serves its people.
Postal services in the municipality are being carried out by the post office. It is tasked to answer the needs of the total populace. A telecommunication network is also available for faster and reliable delivery of communication services. Smart and Globe Communication Facilities (Cell Sites) operate in the municipality to accomodate the needs of the place in terms of modern way of communication. Dream Satellite cater the people of in their entertainment and current/update news. Internet Connection is now avialable thru Broadband (GPRS & 3G).
Education in Dingalan is undertaken by both the Public and Private School Teachers under the supervision of the DepEd. There are eleven (11) Public elementary and three (3) primary schools in the municipality. Considering the elementary enrollment of 4,086 for the SY 2008-2009, the enrollment participation ratio of the District of Dingalan in SY 2007-2008 is 95.00%. The EPR is below the target of 100% which shows that not all of the elementary school children in the municipality are going to school. Drop-out rate is recorded as 12.58% for male and 3.54% for female while cohort survival rate is 72% for male and 76.86% for female.
There are four (4) Secondary Schools in Dingalan with total enrollment of 1,779 for the school year 2008-2009. Dingalan National high School has the highest enrollment with 666 followed by Ibona national High School with 451 and Umiray National High School with 307. Saint Patrick�s Academy, the only private institution in Dingalan has 355.
There is no tertiary education in the municipality. Graduates of High Schools who wants to pursue college education go to Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija, Cabanatuan City or Metro Manila where tertiary schools are located.
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) are now already open for Out of School Youth and for those who cant afford to attend in colleges.
Four Type of health services facilities are found in the municipality. These include one (1) Hospital, One (1) Rural Health Unit, Five (5) Health Centers. The lone Hospital in the municipality is found in Barangay Caragsacan. Its location is quite not advisable. Considering that the Langawan River is just at its backside where solid and liquid wastes of the hospital are possibly finding their way towards this waterway, and may affect the health of the people downstream who used to bath and washed clothes in this river. Municipality has one ambulance.
The peace in order situation in Dingalan are maintained by the Philippine National Police (PNP) stationed at the municipal building in Poblacion. Bantay Bayan or Barangay Police complements the PNP in providing adequate safety and protection for their constituents. The municipality had acquired from DILG one unit of fire truck to be used in fire fighting operations. The BFP station has 8 personnel with generator set, water pump, water container and one 4" x 80 meters fire hose.